Do IT Yourself Workshop
Yuan Shiqi aka Kit
To protect the environment and improve sustainable growing. Worm composting is an effective way to improve your soil quality. The definition of compost is ‘a mixture of various decaying organic substances, as dead leaves or manure, used for fertilizing soil.’ As worms eat compost, their waste (aka poop) creates an organic form of fertilizer called worm castings. Worm castings are widely regarded as the best fertilizer in the world. It replaces harmful chemical fertilizers and contributes to healthier gardens. Worm composting also helps reduce water consumption and reduces the amount of waste we send to landfill,This is an workshop that teaches you how to set up and maintain your own compost bin and worm farm.
This workshop will cover：
- What can be put in the compost
How to DIY your own worm-composting container
How to maintain your compost
How to start your worm farm
- How to fed your worms
Step 1 - Identify Browns and Greens:
A successful compost pile consists of a balanced "browns mix" and "greens mix."
Greens mix tends to heat a compost pile because they help the microorganisms in the pile grow and multiply quickly.
Browns mix is the food sources for all soil-dwelling organisms that will work with the microbes to break down the contents of your compost pile. Also, brown materials create a fluffy body which allows air to filter through the pile.
Make sure your compost pile contains both ‘browns’ and ‘greens’, a healthy compost pile should have more ‘browns’ than ‘greens’. Normally, the ‘browns’ than ‘greens’ ratio is 3:1 or 2:1.
Step 2 - Don’ts
Do not add these to your compost
- Decease Plants
Not only does it cause odours but it also attracts animals such as dogs, cats, and rats.
Step 3 - DIY compost bin
You can simply buy a deep plastic storage container or a large bin with a lid. Using a drill with a 2- or 3-inch hole saw, drilling holes on every side of the container as well as the lid. This is important for airflow and letting water in and out.
Source Meagen Mackenzie https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P6aIg0MSDOE
Step 4 - Start your compost
twigs or straw first, a few inches deep. This aids drainage and helps aerate
compost materials in layers, alternating moist and dry. If you have wood ashes,
sprinkle in thin layers, or they will clump together and be slow to break down.
compost moist but not too wet. Water occasionally, or let the rain do the job.
with the lid or anything you have – wood, plastic sheeting, carpet scraps.
Covering helps retain moisture and heat, two essentials for compost.
everything as small as possible will help the compost break down faster.
using glossy paper and coloured inks.
manures include cow, horse, sheep, chicken, rabbit, etc. No dog or cat manure!
store kitchen waste until transfer it to compost bin, keep a container with a
lid under the sink. A stainless-steel compost pail with a carbon filter or a
ceramic model will cut down on odours.
Step 5 - Maintain your compost
- Turning and mixing
the compost pile once every few weeks.
you find that your compost pile is not heating up, then you may need to add
more green material to the compost.
you find that your compost pile is starting to smell, you may need to add more
it in well, and your pile should start smelling better.
is ready when it has cooled, turned a rich brown colour, and has decomposed
into small soil-like particles.
Step 6-DIY worm farm
Differences between a worm farm and a compost bin:
worm farm is consisting of at least two compartments whereas
a compost bin only has one.
Compost bin: Holes on every side.
Worm farm: Drill holes at the bottom and only a
single row of holes near the top of the upper compartment. The bottom
compartment is for collecting the liquid. You can install a plastic faucet or
keep as it is.
Step 7 - Start your worm farm
your compost as bedding for the worms. If your compost is not ready you can
also use shredded newspaper. Keep strips two to three fingers wide. Moisten
newspaper with water and avoid making the paper overly soggy.
appropriate bedding depth is about 6-8 inches.
Put your worms in and spread them
out on the bedding. The common worm type for
vermicomposting is red wigglers
your worm with kitchen scraps. Dig halfway down on one side or in a corner and
cover the food scraps. Once the food has mostly been consumed
process in a different area of the bin.
compartment if you want to be more productive.
the worm compost to the soil to boost your plants.
the liquid known as worm wee from the bottom compartment. Mixing 1 part of the
liquid and 10 parts of water and pour into the soil.
- Avoid using
transparent containers when you DIY your worm farm. Because worms don’t like
Worms like a
warm and moist environment. Keep your worm farm in a shady place and move it
indoors for winter.
Chop up your
kitchen scraps before feeding your worms.
and oranges in the food scraps, otherwise it will be too acidic for worms.
your worms with meat, bones, fresh grass, alcohol and salty food.
- Feed your worms only as much as they can consume.